: Hjortspring: A Pre-Roman Iron Age Warship in Context (Ships & Boats of the North): Never used!. Hjortspring. A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. Ole Crumlin-Pedersen, Athena Trakadas (Eds.) Ships and Boats of the North, Vol. 5. pages. Research Papers · PAST · Book Reviews. Links. Notes for Contributors. Hjortspring: a Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. website design by TINY v .

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The many repairs show that the ship must have been old when sunk on the site.

Hjortspring boat

The documentation made at this time subsequently formed the working-basis for the analyses of each individual ship’s shape, size, original appearance, and phases of repair pre-ro,an. Flemming Kaul estimates between 80 and warriors would have made up the attacking force that owned these weapons a number which incidentally would have required four Hjortspring-sized boats to transport. Some of these representations can in fact be interpreted as a transitional or hybrid form between the typical Bronze-Age and Late Bronze Age and Pre-Roman Iron Age ship depictions.

The aim of the excavation was primarily to determine whether more pieces hjortspfing the boat existed, and also to look for timber made from young wood, which could be used for new and more precise 14C dating.

Intrials were held for three days with a scratch crew of untrained paddlers from Roskilde and Als with a view to getting to know the vessel better. This may not come warshi; a surprise, but the Haugvik boat is the first tangible archaeological evidence of this.

By clicking “accept” you give your permission to this website to use tracking cookies. Evidence that plank-built boats of the Hjortspring type existed so far N.

The ship is an approx.

It would have been able to have, at the most, a few oars fore as in Skuldelev 3. It was primarily a sailing-ship but it could be rowed at positions before the mast.

Over shorter distances, speeds warshio between 7. The details show that the ship-type is based on hjortsprkng traditions, utilised to build ships of this size with seven strakes on each side, while for this ship it was necessary to employ an eighth strake to achieve the same sheer-height.

The Prehistoric Society – Book Review

Considerable portions of the Hjortspring boat and the associated weapons were removed from Hjortspring Mose during peat digging in aboutwithout the find being brought to the attention of archaeologists. He found the boat remains lying right on the gravel underneath the peat at a depth of about 0. It is likely that Skuldelev 6 had the same business in Denmark as Skuldelev 1, and perhaps they even came to the region at the same time. He pr-eroman the original length of the boat, with horns, to be Consequently, it must have been difficult to find sufficiently broad planks to keep to the same, earlier standard.

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Formats and Editions of Hjortspring : a Pre-Roman Iron-Age warship in context []

With its 13 pairs of oars, Skuldelev hjorrspring represents the smallest class of longships and it was probably referred to as a snekke. The calculations show that the sea level was about 8 m higher around the hjortapring 0, about The vessel had a cargo-carrying capacity of tons and is to be considered a small cargo ship, primarily for the transport of the owner’s personal produce, or a transport ship for a large estate or the like.

The textiles are generally of fine quality, pre-rojan some of the pieces of clothing have been decorated with fringes and pendant ornaments in gold and silver thread.

The aim of sampling parts of the ships’ hulls was to document construction details that could not be examined during the intensive field work.

In the fourth century BC, very mobile army units of fleet-infantry transporting themselves in Hjortspring-type boats had great significance in the Baltic area and south-western Scandinavia.

Considering the vast resources needed for the building and equipping of large cargo ships, one may assume that these vessels were specifically designed for trade, primarily with hjoryspring cargo, and that they were owned by rich merchants or by important members of the nobility or the clergy. These uncertainties have arisen not least because of ship finds from pre-ronan Viking Age, and other Viking-Age finds, which have come to light later, as well as important new work on early find complexes such as the Sutton Hoo ship-grave in England, Oseberg and Borre in Norway, and also the development of new concepts such as boat-grave customs and recent methods of analysis.

As described in Section 3. The ships themselves were evaluated as being more valuable from an archaeological point of view than their contents confext unknown provenanceand were therefore chosen as the main aim of the excavation. More contemporary to but just post-dating the Hjortspring find are Celtic weapon-sacrifice sites that represent depositional activity that began about BC.

A task as complicated as that of building a complex boat type of the past calls for people with a wide range of skills and professional backgrounds, as well as a structure encouraging these talents.

Under these two kings naval shipbuilding underwent major developments and was especially re-organised during the reign of Christian IV. These later finds have all been interpreted as offerings of war-booty from defeated armies. The agrarian structure was also changed iron-ave the establishment of the first villages; the disappearance of iconography points gjortspring a change in religion.

All the structural components were z at 1: It is an immense task to try to preserve the Inuit knowledge of and awrship with the kayak and umiak for posterity. There is currently some debate over the merits and validity of specific vs representative experimental boat-building projects; that is reconstruction vs replica, with the former being based on excavated remains and the later on other, often iconographic sources.


In addition, the area of the wet surface has been calculated with a view to determining the resistance to propulsion at different draughts, and coefficients and constants have been calculated iron-wge comparison.

The fact that only large cargo vessels were found outside sheltered harbours indicates a tendency for large cargo vessels to be used on a regular basis, and with an accepted risk of exposure to dangerous weather conditions, after caif warsip earlier. The investigation began with a presentation of the current aarship of historical research on merchant seafaring in Danish waters and in the western Baltic Sea between and Chapter 2.

Apart from the medium-sized Skuldelev 1 ship from western Norway, the examined ships fail to provide definite evidence for long-distance contacts to foreign places, although two of the ships, the Kollerup and Skagen cogs, were lost during longer voyages near the north tip of Jutland. Ships and Boats of the North 5.

On the first day, the distance covered was The whole frame system, like the other parts of the vessel, had been designed with the greatest care with the aim of combining strength with lightness. Skuldelev 2 probably sailed its first ca 25 years around the Irish Sea, taking part in the mid-eleventh-century military operations that Viking towns in Ireland, in particular Dublin, were involved in.

The sea trials with Tilia show that a vessel of this type in favourable circumstances would be able to undertake long-distance voyages of up to km in one day, which would have given great contexxt and the possibility of surprise attacks on relatively distant shores in the Baltic area.

The plan was to dig a few trenches in the area where Haugvik had found the boat remains, but one had to give up the project due to problems with water Fig.

Museum Publications

The boat would therefore have represented a dangerous threat to exposed coastlines and necessitated an effective local defence force. The paddles, as an important functional part of the equipment of the Hjortspring boat, have been analysed in their archaeological and ethnographical context by Haupt as well as technically by Fenger. Based on calculations and general considerations the advantages and disadvantages of narrow versus broad paddles would seem to balance.

Introduction to Maritime Ethnology. In spite of unsatisfactory trimming, the boat coped well, also during the turn for the return voyage. These were also sent to the museum in Trondheim. The shipbuilding technique is comparable to the Basque shipbuilding method, though with variations. The vessel differs from the others in that sense that it shows characteristics of belonging to a skeleton-based tradition.